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Vulvovaginal Candidiasis

Despite the fact that many women may not be familiar with the medical term for it, vulvovaginal candidiasis is a condition experienced by millions all over the world. The condition, which is a vaginal infection caused by an overgrowth of natural bacteria in the vagina, is often associated with such symptoms as an itchy clitoris and white discharge and may become a recurring concern that needs regular treatment.

Discharging the Facts

Vaginal discharge is a normal process of the female body necessary to keep the vagina moist; but in cases of an infected vagina such as vulvovaginal candidiasis, the natural bacteria has overgrown to cause heavy white curd-like discharge, a burning of the vagina and surrounding area, as well as an itchy rash. Such symptoms will need to be brought to the attention of a urogynecologist or other medical specialist and will generally require a swab or smear sample to be taken for proper diagnosis, much like those collected during a routine female pelvic exam.

While it may be caused by other medical conditions, overgrowth most often occurs in instances of:

  • Iron deficiency
  • Pregnancy, when the production of estrogen is high
  • Diabetes
  • HIV or other immune deficiency disorders
  • Use of a high dosage oral contraceptive and estrogen-based hormone replacement
  • Pre-existing skin conditions
  • Use of antibiotics

Clearing Things Up

Though it is one of the medical conditions regularly addressed by urogynecology, it does not always require a prescription to be treated effectively. Mild cases may need only a topical or oral antifungal treatment, while underlying conditions such as an iron deficiency, diabetes, or a disorder of the immune system may cause recurrent infections and require further investigation.

In these instances, relief for a persistent infection is most often treated through prevention of the overgrowth itself, which may include measures such as:

  • Wearing loosely fitting clothing and moisture-wicking underwear
  • Use of an antifungal cream before taking antibiotics and before the beginning of each menstrual cycle
  • Applications of hydrocortisone cream
  • Nighttime use of a boric acid suppository
  • Soaking the area in a salt bath and using only non-soap cleansers for washing
  • Oral antifungals

Don’t let pain and irritation become a growing concern! Call the caring and knowledgeable team at Coyle Institute today!