Understanding Signs of Menopause, Estrogen Deficiency and Cancer Risk
For many women experiencing signs of menopause, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a welcome option for fighting back symptoms such as hot flashes and helping to prevent bone loss. But for women who have cancer risk or who have a family history of cancer the choice is more complicated for treating estrogen deficiency. Menopause is caused by an estrogen deficiency, and HRT therapies seek to replace the estrogen that has been lost. Estrogen can be used alone or with progestin to treat menopausal symptoms. Despite its benefits, estrogen can also put women at higher cancer risk for breast, endometrial or uterine cancers. It's a risk that can make using HRT a problematic choice.